Friday, December 18, 2015

a poem edited by Stanley Appelbaum

mock on Mock on Voltaire Rousseau
Mock on Mock on! tis all in vain!
You throw the sand against the wind
And the wind blows it back again.

And every sand becomes a Gem
Reflected in the beams divine
Blown back they blind the mocking eye
But still in Israels paths they shine

The Atoms of Democritus
and Newtons Particles of light
Are sands upon the Red sea shore
Where Israels tents do shine so bright

Tuesday, December 8, 2015

dale lewis' favorite people

spears furniture
dolly lane
eunice "dolly" cecelia lane
sandra lynn
robert clark
angus bulls
mayer ranch
chris daigle
mike neefe
dennis wildman
kyle rhodes
michael cephus
jay clapp
lewis bernard
toy emmons
michael and sheila fee
eric bowers
osage
pawhuska
skiatook
fairfax
mcCord
Tulsa
Burbank
Monte Nabors
Irvaline "Irv" Kennedy
Jennifer Benson
Nicole Hutchinson
Amanda Kincaid
The Pawnee Chief newspaper
Derek Hempel
Trooper Hempel
Merlena King
Shelly Simon

Sunday, November 22, 2015

Sunday Prompts

 226
Wordle 226
 
Bluebell Books Twitter Club!
Seattle Seahawks taxing low,
Dim Light drifts passing fall,
his secret is her holy mist,
her flesh is hidden in morning frost

respect is one thing all want,
yams, apple, watermelon, bananas, and squash,
the abyss is deep near the red cliff,
the eagle soars high to reference emotional grief
Tides, tiles, bricks, cements, and steel,
the material square gather Chi bottles,
high voltage wire, stubborn poles,  
the wind mills twist for solar energy

Seattle of Washington seems nobel,
Boston SO orchestra conducts long horn music,
scanning over Philadelphia, Princeton, Honolulu,
the day walks into a room of Maryanno dolls.


A Fitness Plan Shall Help Obesity
 Image result for black and white pictures
Image result for black and white pictures
  My Memory Art

Sunday, November 8, 2015

short story slam week 32, signs, signs

Bluebell Books Twitter Club!

 signs, signs


who even think of Mexican children?
do you love Barney and Friend's with Lucy, Tina, Derek, and Minn in it?
I recall my Chicago experience, knowing Kathy and her teddy bear

new york city is well known for Time Square, and
for Broadway Orchestra concerts,
and Princeton folks always have easy rides to Madison Square of Ny

the sign of angel church pointing upward to the sky,
an old man walks by, taking a snapshot from near,
Spain becomes a place for study aboard

thoughts of abstract concepts sprout,
meditation, taichi, Friday prayers heal,
tiger lily will always occupy Baghdad, Iraq's oil field.



Friday, November 6, 2015

short story slam week 32: see what Jami Mattox does to Oklahoma magazine

Bluebell Books Twitter Club!


I look at Gene Luen Yang,
I recall Zachary Thomas Dodson,
I see bats high in the blue face sky

the silver body
with stretched wings,
reminding me of a taxing airplane

a book is written
when people, products, and creative thoughts are invented,
how about best doctors in the nation, including Dr. Nazih Zuhdi

far at Dallas, Texas,
Highland Park Village reveals stories of Akris, Chanel, Escada,Jimmy Choo,
Rag & Bone, Saint Laurent, Vince, Tom Ford, Five and Ten, James Perse,

family, friends, coworkers speak,
trillions of blogs roam the universe,
hello, Gene Silvis, Frank Munn, Sherry Conrady, Nancy Haase, and Budo Perry

matrix as juzen,
july as qiyue,
magical languages transfer us to places such as Fayetteville, south Africa.

google.com



Friday, October 16, 2015

a nightmare from nowhere (short story slam week 31)

dark spell
invisible people
facebook fiction
straNGE messages

complaints from current authorities,
disagreement from some who wear the same shoes
angry look from a hawaii driver
subjective assumptions spread

no!
says the sun,
there is no way for civilians to decline creative stories,
announces the moon

shadowy figures gather
some wave their hands for calmness,
a few shake their heads for truce,
there is no way for one to say only one of a type is cool

kez and asim come,
showing their beautiful art and admirable forehead,
their experiences tell their beautiful peanut magpie,
and more will join for a out of space drive.


google.com

Short Story Slam Prompt 31: 17 days to A Spooky and Sheepish Halloween Night

Wednesday, October 14, 2015

The Darkness © msullivan

 
 
 
 
The darkness comes from deep inside.
It creeps up from out of your dark side.
Gnawing at your flesh by your graveside.
Of a life that you feel lives you mortified.
Creeping death shivers down your spine.
You feel it wrap around, you feel it reassign.
Your screams and visions will all align.
Under the moon they will combine.
The cares and the worries you place on today.
Are replaced by blinding pain in your temple, you have nothing to say.
Your feel all hope go floating away.
Leaving you alone, as your body starts to decay.
You see your life end, but when did it begin?
You fall to your knees as your thoughts go within.
The deepest part of your soul, under your skin.
You see the vision of the bitter end.
You stay alive as the skin and muscle fall from your bones.
You get lightheaded and collapse on your knee bone's.
You feel like you're in an episode of the twilight zone.
All you can do is let out a little moan.
You finally succumb to your fate.
You finally become the desolate.
Roaming the earth as deaths advocate.
Bringing your victims to hells gate.
 
 
 
 

Thursday, October 8, 2015

random haiku

 

all of a sudden, I
see angry orchard, blue moon,
plus appleton estate

.

strive for coney island
end up at Strickland park area,
mid-night breakfast served
 

Monday, September 28, 2015

Nokia

 

Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre.
Nokia Corporation
Nokia wordmark.svg
Slogan "Connecting People" (em Inglês)
Cotação OMX: NOK1V, NYSE: NOK
Indústria Telecomunicações
Fundação Nokia,  Finlândia (1865)
Sede Espoo,  Finlândia
Pessoas-chave Fredrik Idestam, Fundador
Kari Chairamo, CEO nos anos 80
Rajeev Suri, presidente & chefe executivo
Jorma Ollila, Chairman
Empregados 97 000 em Março de 2013
Produtos Torre de Dados 4G-3G, Sistemas Wireless
Bancos de dados Wireless
Switches Wireless
Lucro Aumento € 6,5 bilhões (2014)
Faturamento Aumento € 281 milhões (2014)
Sítio oficial Nokia
A Nokia Corporation (pronúncia em finlandês: [ˈnɔkiɑ], nóquia) é uma empresa finlandesa de telecomunicações que tem sede em Keilaniemi, Espoo, cidade vizinha a Helsinki, capital da Finlândia.[1] Em 2007 era líder mundial na fabricação de aparelhos, de um modo geral, para comunicações móveis, com aproximadamente 40% do mercado de telecomunicações.
Em 3 de setembro de 2013 a Microsoft Corporation, compra a divisão de aparelhos móveis da Nokia por cerca de US$ 7,2 bilhões[2] a Microsoft Brasil ganha a vantagem da fabricação local ao ingressar no crescente mercado local de smartphones. - que já superou o de celulares simples. - Desde 1998, a Nokia, que tem 2 mil funcionários no país, conta com uma fábrica na Zona Franca de Manaus.[3]
A Microsoft passou a controlar a Divisão de Dispositivos e Serviços da Nokia a partir do dia 25 de abril de 2014 e Microsoft Mobile é o novo nome[4] .
Em outubro de 2014, a marca de telemóveis desaparece.[5]
Em novembro de 2014, a Nokia anuncia seu novo plano para voltar ao mercado de smartphones e tablets. Passando a licenciar sua marca para empresas que quiserem usar a marca Nokia em seus produtos.[6] E anuncia o primeiro fruto dessa nova política, o tablet N1, em parceria com a Foxconn.[7]
Em abril de 2015 a Nokia comprou a Alcatel por 15,6 mil milhões de euros que é a maior aquisição de sempre da marca finlandesa e permite criar o maior fornecedor de sempre de equipamentos móveis.[8]

Índice

Começo

A empresa, fundada por Fredrik Idestam, empresa de pequeno porte no setor das telecomunicações móveis a nível mundial, foi fundada em 1865, sendo na época uma fábrica de papel. Perto do final do século XIX, a empresa envolveu-se no negócio das botas de borracha e armários de madeira e fundou uma companhia com uma vertente mais tecnológica, já que este produto e os químicos que lhe eram associados constituíam na época o setor tecnologicamente mais desenvolvido. Com a expansão da eletricidade na Finlândia, a partir de 1910 a fabricação de cabos elétricos cresceu consideravelmente, até porque também era preciso suportar as necessidades impostas pelo telefone. Nasceu assim mais uma companhia no grupo finlandês, desta feita dedicada aos cabos elétricos.

Telecomunicações

A Casa Nokia, sede da Nokia no Golfo da Finlândia, em Keilaniemi, Espoo, foi construído entre 1995 e 1997. É o local de trabalho de mais de 1000 trabalhadores da Nokia.
Em 1960 foi criado um departamento de eletrônica na fábrica de cabos, passo que abriu caminho para uma nova era nas telecomunicações. Em 1967 foi formada a Nokia Corporation, constituída pela Companhia Nokia que se dedicava ao negócio do papel e ainda pela fábrica de borracha e pela de cabos. Mas essa mesma década ficou principalmente marcada pela entrada da Nokia no mundo das telecomunicações, onde viria a ganhar grande destaque. Em 1963 desenvolveu um radiotelefone e em 1965 apresentou um modem para transmissão de dados.

Microinformática

Na década de 80 começou a desenvolver-se a indústria da microinformática e a Nokia dedicou-se, com sucesso, à produção de computadores, monitores e até de televisores preparados para as transmissões em alta definição, as ligações por satélite e o teletexto.

Telefonia móvel

Evolução do tamanho dos modelos de celular Nokia
Entretanto, em 1981, foi criada na Escandinávia a primeira rede internacional para telefones móveis. Coube à Nokia fazer os primeiros telefones para usar em automóveis. Os celulares na altura eram muito grandes e pouco portáteis e foi de novo a empresa finlandesa a inovar ao apresentar, em 1987, um telefone verdadeiramente portátil. A partir de então, a Nokia apresenta inúmeras inovações em aparelhos de comunicação portátil agregando a eles várias funcionalidades, fazendo com que celulares tornem-se aparelhos multiúso. Em 2003, a Nokia lançou seus primeiros celulares com câmera fotográfica digital com resolução de 388x245 pixels, não chegando a 0.1Mpx. Dois anos depois, em 2005, a Nokia lançou modelos com câmera digital VGA com 640x480 pixels, ou 0.3Mpx, além do primeiro com câmera de 1.0Mpx com exclusivo flash embutido. Já em 2006 e 2007 chegaram celulares com câmera de até 3.2Mpx além de MP3, capacidade de armazenamento de 2GB e internet Wi-Fi. Em 2008 a Nokia lança os modelos Nokia N95 e com câmeras de 5.0Mpx e mais tarde o N95 com 8GB capacidade de armazenamento, MP3. E em 2007 o N82 com com câmeras de 5.0Mpx que inclui flash Xenon, memória RAM dobrada para 128 MB, se tornando o melhor Nseries de 2007 e 2008, pois nenhum outro série N havia flash xenon, o que dava mais qualidade em fotos. A Nokia foi também a primeira empresa a lançar celulares com tela de 16 milhões de cores, superando a concorrência que usava até 260 mil cores.

GSM

Em 1991 foi adotado o sistema GSM (Global System Mobile Communications - Sistema Global de Comunicações Móveis) em toda a Europa, que permitia, para além do som, a transmissão de dados, o mercado foi regularizado. A Nokia, a primeira empresa a realizar uma chamada em GSM, viu as potencialidades do setor e esta tornou-se na principal área de intervenção do grupo finlandês. Nesse mesmo ano ajudou a instalar o sistema GSM em nove países europeus. A Nokia é a 119ª maior companhia do planeta de acordo com a Fortune 500 de 2007.

SMS

Logo em 1993 foi a Nokia quem, pela primeira vez, transmitiu uma mensagem de texto via celular através do sistema TDMA. Foi o primeiro indício de que seria possível ligar um celular a um computador. Em 1994 lançou a família de celulares 2100 compatível com os principais sistemas existentes no Mundo, incluindo o GSM. Em 1997, a Nokia forneceu sistemas de GSM para 59 operadores de celulares em 31 países. Entretanto, começou a desenvolver celulares bastante inovadores em termos de design, que passaram ser a referência do mercado, colocando a marca no topo das preferências dos utilizadores.
Os celulares Nokia eram vendidos em mais de 130 países e a empresa empregava cerca de 60 mil trabalhadores em todo o Mundo.

Os sistemas operacionais

Originalmente os telefones da Nokia tinham o [9] Nokia OS Sistema Operacional Móvel desenvolvido especificamente para telemóveis Nokia. Os primeiros dispositivo Nseries, com o sistema operacional Symbian OS 8,1 , foram o N70 e o N90 . Subsequentemente o SymbianOS 9 passou a estar disponível para todos os dispositivos posteriores Nseries (exceto o N72, que foi baseado no N70). Os novos dispositivos Nseries incorporaram as revisões mais recentes do Symbian OS 9, que incluem Feature Packs. O N800 , N810 e N900 são as de julho de 2010 os únicos dispositivos Nseries não usar Symbian OS. Eles usam o Linux baseado em Maemo. O [10] Nokia N8 é o primeiro dispositivo a funcionar no Sistema Symbian 3. Nokia revelou que o [11] N8 será o último dispositivo dos N-series (Dispositivos fornecidos com o Symbian OS ). O atual sistema operacional [12] que a Nokia está usando é o Windows Phone para seus dispositivos high-end mais emblemáticos.

Parceria com a Microsoft

Em 2010, surgiram suspeitas de que a Nokia estaria pensando em utilizar o software da Microsoft em seus smartphones. Essas suspeitas, negadas na época, confirmaram-se em 11 de fevereiro de 2011, quando Stephen Elop anunciou que os futuros aparelhos da empresa utilizarão os sistemas produzidos pela Microsoft. Antes da parceria, a Nokia utilizava os sistemas Symbian. O software Windows Phone, que passará a integrar os aparelhos da Nokia, é o mesmo usado por alguns smartphones das marcas LG, Samsung e HTC.[13] Antes, a empresa cogitava a hipótese de fechar um acordo com o Android, plataforma que cresceu 900% de 2010 para 2011.[14] Os funcionários da empresa protestaram após a confirmação da aliança, muitos acreditam que a decisão não foi vantajosa para a Nokia, porém, há os que afirmem que o custo de desenvolvimento de softwares cairá muito para a Nokia.[13] A Nokia viu suas ações caírem 20% logo após o anúncio de parceria. O acordo deve ser concluído pouco meses após a primeira notícia oficial.[15] . O valor de mercado da Nokia diminui de cerca de 75% desde 2007[16] .
No primeiro trimestre de 2011, a Nokia viu escapar-lhe a liderança nas vendas de telemóveis na Europa Ocidental [17]
Anunciado no dia 27 de abril de 2012, que depois de 14 anos, a Nokia perde posição para a Samsung e passa a ser a segunda maior fabricante de celulares do mundo.
Até 2014 a Nokia utilizou o Windows Phone na sua série de celulares denominados Nokia Lumia.
Em 3 de setembro a Microsoft anunciou que iria adquirir a divisão de hardware e serviços da Nokia[18] .

Saturday, August 29, 2015

Heidi Hankins in news (海迪·汉金斯_百度百科)


Solent News
In many ways, Heidi Hankins is like many other 4-year-old girls: She likes her Barbies and Legos and snuggling up with her favorite book.
But she's a little different in other ways, such as her I.Q. The little girl's score is a whopping 159, just below acknowledged eggheads like Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking, and way above the 100 score that is considered average.
With that remarkable score, she's just been admitted into Mensa, an organization that only allows people whose I.Q.s rank in the top two percent of the population. Now the preschooler from Winchester, UK, has the opportunity to participate in parties and cultural events with fellow brainiacs including Oscar-winning actress Geena Davis and former porn star Asia Carrera.
There are also younger members such as Oscar Rigley, who joined in 2009 when he was under 2-and-a-half years old, and Elise Tan Roberts, who joined that same year at 3.
But it wasn't Heidi's bright idea to join Mensa. Her father, Matthew Hankins, 46, a lecturer at the University of Southampton, came up with that one.
"We always thought Heidi was pretty bright because she was reading early," he told the Hampshire Chronicle. "I happen to specialize in measuring I.Q.s in children, and I was curious about her and the results were off the scale."
Hankins had a good idea his daughter was gifted from a young age. He said Heidi was drawing princesses and animals at 14 months and taught herself to read using a computer when she was 18 months old, according to the Daily Mail.
"Heidi has really flourished quicker than other children –- academically, artistically and physically," Hankins told the paper.
Heidi is very intelligent by all accounts, but learning experts like cognitive psychologist (and Huffington Post blogger) Scott Barry Kaufman aren't ready to hand her a Nobel Prize or a Pulitzer just yet.
"What we must understand is that Heidi can be extremely high in this one dimension but be a normal, average young girl on many other dimensions, including social and emotional development," he wrote on The Huffington Post. "To become a genius takes so much more than just being high on one trait. It takes many, many factors coming together, such as drive, imagination, opportunity, perseverance, and just plain luck."
Heidi's parents are now looking at schools for her and are considering skipping a school year to make sure she is challenged by her work. It might not be easy considering she is already solving addition and subtraction problems, drawing figures of people and writing in sentences.
CORRECTION: An earlier version of this article listed Isaac Asimov as a Mensa member with whom Hankins could associate. While he was a member, he is deceased and unavailable for social functions.

Emily Dickinson

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Emily Dickinson
Photograph of Emily Dickinson, seated, at the age of 16
This daguerreotype taken at Mount Holyoke, December 1846 or early 1847 is the only authenticated portrait of Emily Dickinson later than childhood. The original is held by the Archives and Special Collections at Amherst College.[1]
Born Emily Elizabeth Dickinson
December 10, 1830
Amherst, Massachusetts
Died May 15, 1886 (aged 55)
Amherst, Massachusetts
Occupation Poet
Notable works List of Emily Dickinson poems
Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (December 10, 1830 – May 15, 1886) was an American poet. Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts. Although part of a prominent family with strong ties to its community, Dickinson lived much of her life highly introverted. After studying at the Amherst Academy for seven years in her youth, she briefly attended the Mount Holyoke Female Seminary before returning to her family's house in Amherst. Considered an eccentric by locals, she developed a noted penchant for white clothing and became known for her reluctance to greet guests or, later in life, to even leave her bedroom. Dickinson never married, and most friendships between her and others depended entirely upon correspondence.
While Dickinson was a prolific private poet, fewer than a dozen of her nearly 1,800 poems were published during her lifetime.[2] The work that was published during her lifetime was usually altered significantly by the publishers to fit the conventional poetic rules of the time. Dickinson's poems are unique for the era in which she wrote; they contain short lines, typically lack titles, and often use slant rhyme as well as unconventional capitalization and punctuation.[3] Many of her poems deal with themes of death and immortality, two recurring topics in letters to her friends.
Although Dickinson's acquaintances were most likely aware of her writing, it was not until after her death in 1886 — when Lavinia, Dickinson's younger sister, discovered her cache of poems — that the breadth of her work became apparent to the public. Her first collection of poetry was published in 1890 by personal acquaintances Thomas Wentworth Higginson and Mabel Loomis Todd, though both heavily edited the content. A complete, and mostly unaltered, collection of her poetry became available for the first time when scholar Thomas H. Johnson published The Poems of Emily Dickinson in 1955. Despite some unfavorable reception and skepticism over the late 19th and early 20th centuries regarding her literary prowess, Dickinson is now almost universally considered to be one of the most significant of all American poets.[4][5]

Life

Family and early childhood

The Dickinson children (Emily on the left), ca. 1840. From the Dickinson Room at Houghton Library, Harvard University.
Emily Elizabeth Dickinson was born at the family's homestead in Amherst, Massachusetts, on December 10, 1830, into a prominent, but not wealthy, family.[6] Two hundred years earlier, her patrilineal ancestors had arrived in the New World—in the Puritan Great Migration—where they prospered.[7] Emily Dickinson's paternal grandfather, Samuel Dickinson, had almost single-handedly founded Amherst College.[8] In 1813, he built the homestead, a large mansion on the town's Main Street, that became the focus of Dickinson family life for the better part of a century.[9] Samuel Dickinson's eldest son, Edward, was treasurer of Amherst College for nearly forty years, served numerous terms as a State Legislator, and represented the Hampshire district in the United States Congress. On May 6, 1828, he married Emily Norcross from Monson. They had three children:
By all accounts, young Emily was a well-behaved girl. On an extended visit to Monson when she was two, Emily's Aunt Lavinia described Emily as "perfectly well & contented—She is a very good child & but little trouble."[11] Emily's aunt also noted the girl's affinity for music and her particular talent for the piano, which she called "the moosic".[12]
Dickinson attended primary school in a two-story building on Pleasant Street.[13] Her education was "ambitiously classical for a Victorian girl".[14] Her father wanted his children well-educated and he followed their progress even while away on business. When Emily was seven, he wrote home, reminding his children to "keep school, and learn, so as to tell me, when I come home, how many new things you have learned".[15] While Emily consistently described her father in a warm manner, her correspondence suggests that her mother was regularly cold and aloof. In a letter to a confidante, Emily wrote she "always ran Home to Awe [Austin] when a child, if anything befell me. He was an awful Mother, but I liked him better than none."[16]
On September 7, 1840, Dickinson and her sister Lavinia started together at Amherst Academy, a former boys' school that had opened to female students just two years earlier.[13] At about the same time, her father purchased a house on North Pleasant Street.[17] Emily's brother Austin later described this large new home as the "mansion" over which he and Emily presided as "lord and lady" while their parents were absent.[18] The house overlooked Amherst's burial ground, described by one local minister as treeless and "forbidding".[17]

Teenage years

They shut me up in Prose –
As when a little Girl
They put me in the Closet –
Because they liked me "still" –
Still! Could themself have peeped –
And seen my Brain – go round –
They might as wise have lodged a Bird
For Treason – in the Pound –
Emily Dickinson, c. 1862[19]
Dickinson spent seven years at the Academy, taking classes in English and classical literature, Latin, botany, geology, history, "mental philosophy," and arithmetic.[20] Daniel Taggart Fiske, the school's principal at the time, would later recall that Dickinson was "very bright" and "an excellent scholar, of exemplary deportment, faithful in all school duties".[21] Although she had a few terms off due to illness—the longest of which was in 1845–1846, when she was enrolled for only eleven weeks[22]—she enjoyed her strenuous studies, writing to a friend that the Academy was "a very fine school".[23]
Dickinson was troubled from a young age by the "deepening menace" of death, especially the deaths of those who were close to her. When Sophia Holland, her second cousin and a close friend, grew ill from typhus and died in April 1844, Emily was traumatized.[24] Recalling the incident two years later, Emily wrote that "it seemed to me I should die too if I could not be permitted to watch over her or even look at her face."[25] She became so melancholic that her parents sent her to stay with family in Boston to recover.[23] With her health and spirits restored, she soon returned to Amherst Academy to continue her studies.[26] During this period, she first met people who were to become lifelong friends and correspondents, such as Abiah Root, Abby Wood, Jane Humphrey, and Susan Huntington Gilbert (who later married Emily's brother Austin).
In 1845, a religious revival took place in Amherst, resulting in 46 confessions of faith among Dickinson's peers.[27] Dickinson wrote to a friend the following year: "I never enjoyed such perfect peace and happiness as the short time in which I felt I had found my savior."[28] She went on to say that it was her "greatest pleasure to commune alone with the great God & to feel that he would listen to my prayers."[28] The experience did not last: Dickinson never made a formal declaration of faith and attended services regularly for only a few years.[29] After her church-going ended, about 1852, she wrote a poem opening: "Some keep the Sabbath going to Church – / I keep it, staying at Home".[30]
During the last year of her stay at the Academy, Emily became friendly with Leonard Humphrey, its popular new young principal. After finishing her final term at the Academy on August 10, 1847, Dickinson began attending Mary Lyon's Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (which later became Mount Holyoke College) in South Hadley, about ten miles (16 km) from Amherst.[31] She was at the seminary for only ten months. Although she liked the girls at Holyoke, Dickinson made no lasting friendships there.[32] The explanations for her brief stay at Holyoke differ considerably: either she was in poor health, her father wanted to have her at home, she rebelled against the evangelical fervor present at the school, she disliked the discipline-minded teachers, or she was simply homesick.[33] Whatever the specific reason for leaving Holyoke, her brother Austin appeared on March 25, 1848, to "bring [her] home at all events".[34] Back in Amherst, Dickinson occupied her time with household activities.[35] She took up baking for the family and enjoyed attending local events and activities in the budding college town.[36]

Early influences and writing

When she was eighteen, Dickinson's family befriended a young attorney by the name of Benjamin Franklin Newton. According to a letter written by Dickinson after Newton's death, he had been "with my Father two years, before going to Worcester – in pursuing his studies, and was much in our family."[37] Although their relationship was probably not romantic, Newton was a formative influence and would become the second in a series of older men (after Humphrey) that Dickinson referred to, variously, as her tutor, preceptor or master.[38]
Newton likely introduced her to the writings of William Wordsworth, and his gift to her of Ralph Waldo Emerson's first book of collected poems had a liberating effect. She wrote later that he, "whose name my Father's Law Student taught me, has touched the secret Spring".[39] Newton held her in high regard, believing in and recognizing her as a poet. When he was dying of tuberculosis, he wrote to her, saying that he would like to live until she achieved the greatness he foresaw.[39] Biographers believe that Dickinson's statement of 1862—"When a little Girl, I had a friend, who taught me Immortality – but venturing too near, himself – he never returned"—refers to Newton.[40]
Dickinson was familiar not only with the Bible but also with contemporary popular literature.[41] She was probably influenced by Lydia Maria Child's Letters from New York, another gift from Newton[24] (after reading it, she gushed "This then is a book! And there are more of them!"[24]). Her brother smuggled a copy of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Kavanagh into the house for her (because her father might disapprove)[42] and a friend lent her Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre in late 1849.[43] Jane Eyre's influence cannot be measured, but when Dickinson acquired her first and only dog, a Newfoundland, she named him "Carlo" after the character St. John Rivers' dog.[43] William Shakespeare was also a potent influence in her life. Referring to his plays, she wrote to one friend "Why clasp any hand but this?" and to another, "Why is any other book needed?"[44]

Adulthood and seclusion

Friday, August 7, 2015

Lower Saxony, look for Wurmberg, Hartz in Germany

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The subject of this article was previously also known as Saxony. For other uses, see Saxony (disambiguation).
Lower Saxony
Land Niedersachsen (German)
Land Neddersassen (Low Saxon)
Lound Läichsaksen (Saterland Frisian)
State of Germany
Flag of Lower Saxony
Flag
Coat of arms of Lower Saxony
Coat of arms
Deutschland Lage von Niedersachsen.svg
Coordinates: 52°45′22″N 9°23′35″E
Country Germany
Capital Hanover
Government
 • Minister President Stephan Weil (SPD)
 • Governing parties SPD / Greens
 • Votes in Bundesrat 6 (of 69)
Area
 • Total 47,624.22 km2 (18,387.81 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 7,790,559
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code DE-NI
GDP/ Nominal €213.97 billion (2010)[citation needed]
NUTS Region DE9
Website www.niedersachsen.de
Lower Saxony (German: Niedersachsen [ˈniːdɐzaksən], Low German: Neddersassen; Dutch: Nedersaksen) is a German state (Bundesland) situated in northwestern Germany and is second in area, with 47,624 square kilometres (18,388 sq mi), and fourth in population (8 million) among the sixteen Länder of Germany. In rural areas Northern Low Saxon, a dialect of Low German, and Saterland Frisian, a variety of Frisian, are still spoken, but the number of speakers is declining.
Lower Saxony borders on (from north and clockwise) the North Sea, the states of Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia, and the Netherlands. Furthermore, the state of Bremen forms two enclaves within Lower Saxony, one being the city of Bremen, the other, its seaport city of Bremerhaven. In fact, Lower Saxony borders more neighbours than any other single Bundesland. The state's principal cities include the state capital Hanover, Brunswick, Lüneburg, Osnabrück, Oldenburg, Hildesheim, Wolfenbüttel, Wolfsburg and Göttingen.
The northwestern area of Lower Saxony, which lies on the coast of the North Sea, is called East Frisia and the seven East Frisian Islands offshore are popular with tourists. In the extreme west of Lower Saxony is the Emsland, a traditionally poor and sparsely populated area, once dominated by inaccessible swamps. The northern half of Lower Saxony, also known as the North German Plains, is almost invariably flat except for the gentle hills around the Bremen geestland. Towards the south and southwest lie the northern parts of the German Central Uplands: the Weser Uplands and the Harz mountains. Between these two lie the Lower Saxon Hills, a range of low ridges. Thus, Lower Saxony is the only Bundesland that encompasses both maritime and mountainous areas.
Lower Saxony's major cities and economic centres are mainly situated in its central and southern parts, namely Hanover, Brunswick, Osnabrück, Wolfsburg, Salzgitter, Hildesheim and Göttingen. Oldenburg, near the northwestern coastline, is another economic centre. The region in the northeast is called the Lüneburg Heath (Lüneburger Heide), the largest heathland area of Germany and in medieval times wealthy due to salt mining and salt trade, as well as to a lesser degree the exploitation of its peat bogs up until about the 1960s. To the north, the Elbe river separates Lower Saxony from Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg. The banks just south of the Elbe are known as Altes Land (Old Country). Due to its gentle local climate and fertile soil it is the state's largest area of fruit farming, its chief produce being apples.
Most of the state's territory was part of the historic Kingdom of Hanover; the state of Lower Saxony has adopted the coat of arms and other symbols of the former kingdom. It was created by the merger of the State of Hanover with several smaller states in 1946.

Geography

Location

Lower Saxony has a natural boundary in the north in the North Sea and the lower and middle reaches of the River Elbe, although parts of the city of Hamburg lie south of the Elbe. The state and city of Bremen is an enclave entirely surrounded by Lower Saxony. The Bremen/Oldenburg Metropolitan Region is a cooperative body for the enclave area. To the southeast the state border runs through the Harz, low mountains that are part of the German Central Uplands. The northeast and west of the state – which form roughly three-quarters of its land area – belong to the North German Plain, while the south is in the Lower Saxon Hills, including the Weser Uplands, Leine Uplands, Schaumburg Land, Brunswick Land, Untereichsfeld, Elm and Lappwald. In northeast Lower Saxony is Lüneburg Heath. The heath is dominated by the poor sandy soils of the geest, whilst in the central east and southeast in the loess börde zone there are productive soils with high natural fertility. Under these conditions—with loam and sand-containing soils—the land is well-developed agriculturally. In the west lie the County of Bentheim, Osnabrück Land, Emsland, Oldenburg Land, Ammerland, Oldenburg Münsterland and – on the coast – East Frisia.
The state is dominated by several large rivers running northwards through the state: the Ems, Weser, Aller and Elbe.
The highest mountain in Lower Saxony is the Wurmberg (971 m) in the Harz. For other significant elevations see: List of mountains and hills in Lower Saxony. Most of the mountains and hills are found in the southeastern part of the state. The lowest point in the state, at about 2.5 metres below sea level, is a depression near Freepsum in East Frisia.
The state's economy, population and infrastructure are centred on the cities and towns of Hanover, Stadthagen, Celle, Brunswick, Wolfsburg, Hildesheim and Salzgitter. Together with Göttingen in southern Lower Saxony, they form the core of the Hanover-Brunswick-Göttingen-Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region.